The Odissi is listed as classical dance of Orissa. The classical Indian dances, including bharata natyam, refer to the ancient Indian drama, one of whose key texts is the Natya Shastra of Bharata, and claim their specificity according to regional styles. This category of "Indian classical dance", born in the twentieth century under the rise of nationalist movements in India, based on the idea of a practice of dance in ancient India in ancient times, widely documented by archaeological remains.
Thus, the bas-reliefs of Khandagiri and Udaygiri near Bhubaneswar, in which several dance scenes are clearly visible, were used to support the idea that the practice of dance in Orissa was in vogue there are more than 2000 years. In addition, Odissi refers largely to the local cult of the god Jagannath (Krishna). Thus it claims the heir dances of maharis (servants of the Jagannath Temple in Puri in the same way as devadâsî) and dancing boys named gotipua. However, in parallel with the "revival" or "renewal" of the Odissi dance around the years 1950, as maharis have gradually ceased to ensure their notes from the temple of Jagannath, and their tradition is gradually entry in history.
During the "revival", from the years 1950, is from oriya manuscripts dealing with dance, and the study of representations of temples, including the dance hall of the temple of Surya Konârak, but also living traditions such as dance gotipua that choreographers have created the dance Odissi in its current form. The Odissi owes its recognition of the classical dance because it is considered consistent with the traditions choreographic texts dramaturgiques old as the Natyashastra.
One of his prominent positions is the tribhang: the dancer's body is divided into three parts. In addition, during the dance, head, chest and torso perform complex movements and refined, and the expression of emotions is important because the Odissi is accompanied by a recital of poetry on the theme love between Krishna and Radha. All of this requires a strong physical fitness on the part of dancers. The music is regional, such as "odissi", in contrast with the music carnatiques and hindoustanies.
Today a research centre, Odissi Research Center in Bhubaneswar, is devoted to this form of dance, and many festivals, including the festival Konarâk him provide public platforms.
Cast and choreographers
Generation pioneer: Guru Pankaj Charan Das, Guru Kelucharan Mohapatra, Guru Debaprasad Das; Kumkum Mohanty, Sanjukta Panigrahi, Indrani Rehman, Sonal Mansingh, Meenati Mishra and many other ...
The current generation has many and many dancers, dancers and choreographers. It would be impossible to be here just seen their number, and here is just a sample - a bit messy and we écourtons not to drown the reader names.
Note many actors as dancers and choreographers experienced Madhavi Mudgal and Sharmila Biswas, experienced choreographers as Guru Gangadhar Pradhan and Guru Durga Charan Ranbir, the son and daughter-in-law of the illustrious Guru Kelucharan Mohapatra, Sujata and Ratikant Mohapatra, young and dynamic as Surupa Sen, Bijayini Satpathy, Sangeeta Dash and Aruna Mohanty, but also many other activities-ves in India as in the rest of the world, Ratna Roy, Aloka Kanungo, Ramli Ibrahim, Ileana Citaristi, Madhumita Patnaik , Devasmita Patnaik, Sharon Lowen, Rekha Tandon.
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