Traditional heavy metal
The term heavy metal can have several meanings depending on the context in which it is used.
1. In an original context, it is used as a synonym for Hard-rock particularly in the USA.
2. In a second meaning, the term refers to the aesthetic trend which, over the years 70 and 80, stood out of Hard rock, away from its blues roots. This genre has given birth to the metal genre as a whole.
3. In a general sense the heavy metal or metal covers any music down the heavy metal (meaning second) and hard rock.
The term traditional heavy metal (heavy metal or classic, or just heavy metal in the narrow sense) is an informal term to refer to the style of heavy metal original, ie the heavy metal taken in the second direction.
We use this term to avoid confusion with other senses, but in common usage it comes to heavy metal (short) for such specific and rather "metal" to talk about the heavy metal in the direction means general.Il therefore groups in the wake of Black Sabbath have developed an aesthetic more incisive compared to hard-rock original, away from the blues and drawing also in the punk. This is the style that is the source of all forms of metal derivatives thereafter.
The Pioneers kind are undeniably Black Sabbath and Judas Priest. Black Sabbath developed a new route from the basics of hard rock original, while Judas Priest, as the musicologist Robert Walser, spent the decade to "finalize the definition of heavy metal". The aesthetic incisive and radical who has emerged of their music will be resumed and developed in the late 70s by groups of the NWOBHM and various other groups of heavy metal 80s.
The artists of traditional heavy metal were largely influenced by the references of the Hard Rock as Alice Cooper, Deep Purple, Van Halen, UFO, Scorpions, Queen and Led Zeppelin, Rainbow. The heavy metal was also subsequently influenced in the late 70s by the punk rock, although influences eventually diminish over time. For example, early in their careers Iron Maiden and Trust had many elements punks in their albums.
Such heavy metal was a great success globally. Iron Maiden has sold over 58 million albums in the 80s. Judas Priest filled arenas during their concerts. And even today bands like Iron Maiden and Judas Priest continue to record albums that have a success at international level.
The original heavy metal has influenced many genres including glam metal, speed metal, thrash metal and power metal. Groups of heavy metal at the time were not as aggressive as thrash and put greater emphasis on melody than the latter.
This type of metal, is the original form is often regarded as the purest form of metal, some groups like Manowar also call "true Metal"
The traditional metal characterized by heavy bass lines, riffs to the texture and dynamic jerky, a medium tempo (mid-tempo) around 100/120 bpm on average, a generalization of solo guitar virtuoso and a song often perched high and heady chorus-style anthems. The style is also unlike the Hard-rock by a distancing of blues and roots favors cold minor modal harmonies.
A new concepts in the traditional heavy metal was to introduce two guitars. General idea from the 70s by bands like Scorpions and Judas Priest among others. And although the concept was already adopted sometimes among some groups of hard-rock as Uriah Heep and UFO It is with the traditional heavy metal that it became an instrumental element characteristic echoed by all sub-types of metal. This concept will grow during the 80s with bands like Judas Priest, Iron Maiden or Accept that will duel of a guitar emblematic of their music.
Rhythm and groove
In terms of rhythm, the heavy metal is characterized by:
* A specific groove frequently based on phrases in staccato rhythms (through extensive use of palm mute). Rhythmic phrases based on short rhythmic patterns equal binary or ternary (usually eighth or sixteenth note)able 4 / 4 most often. In metaphorical terms, this means that the metal is often characterized as a whole by dynamic rhythmic and jerky, made from small rhythmic dry cells juxtaposed to each other. Many groups then resume the basic fabric of the approval of variations through melodic ornaments or syncope.
* A recurring use of long rythmiques values (in the round, even over several measures), in slow tempo songs: in other words, agreements oppression that resonate through the length amplification.(w3c)
Read also Heavy Metal