Dalai Lama (from the Mongolian: Ocean Same teacher, the Dalai - mong. Ocean; Tibetan: Gyalpo Rinpoche) is the title of the highest secular authority and one of the most important religious title of the Buddhist Tibet.
He was first in 1578 by the Mongolian princes Altan Khan 3 Sonam Gyatso Dalai Lama as a sign of reverence. His two predecessors were subsequently recognized as a Dalai Lama.
The Dalai Lama, in close relationship with the Panchen Lama, as this traditionally monks of the Gelug school of Tibetan Buddhism. An exception was the 6th Dalai Lama, Tsangyang Gyatso, the monk's vows his back. The Dalai Lama and the Panchen Lama are not (as is often assumed) the respective head of the Gelug. Head of the Gelug, the Ganden Tripa, the governor of Ganden throne.
The current 14th Dalai Lama is the monk Tenzin Gyatso.
Position of the Dalai Lama
The Dalai Lama is Tibetan Buddhism as a human being viewed (Nirmanakaya), made up of compassion has determined, through reincarnation back to the life or "in the ordinary human existence" to follow up other beings to be able to serve, though he was enlightened beings ( bodhisattva) the cycle of rebirth would have to leave. The Dalai Lama emanation of Avalokiteshvara as applicable (Tib Chen rezig) of the Bodhisattva of compassion.
The Dalai Lama is in accordance with the tradition in Tibet, a so-called Tulku. It is assumed that the deceased prior Dalai Lama another rebirth as a person accepts and then this can be found. This is done through a high-level, from the religious leadership authorized finding commission. For example, the fourteenth Dalai Lama of several monks found, families with small children in the country aufsuchten, whose birth is special characters have to be shown (as a special character apply some unusual dreams of the parents, unusual abilities of the child or rainbows). The monks placed the infants several functions, to determine which of them the reborn Dalai Lama. One of these tasks was the recognition of personal ritual objects of the deceased (see reincarnation Research).
After the decision for one of the candidates has fallen, the child officially reincarnation of the previous Dalai Lama explained and receives a monastic education in Tibetan Buddhism and Tibetan culture, including language, writing, calligraphy and general knowledge. The Panchen Lama plays a role, for the Dalai Lama in a teacher-pupil ratio of the Gelug school.