The Rolling Stones
The Rolling Stones
The Rolling Stones is a group of rock 'n' roll British created in the 1960's by Brian Jones. The group's name comes from a song by Muddy Waters, Manish Boy. The blues has always been the main source of inspiration of the Stones, who have been one of the main players in the back of this music on the front of the stage, through the British Blues Boom.
The original group was composed of:
* Mick Jagger (vocals)
* Keith Richards (rhythm guitar)
* Brian Jones (guitar solo)
* Ian Stewart (piano)
* Charlie Watts (drums)
* Bill Wyman (bass)
Ian Stewart will be eliminated by their first manager Andrew Loog Oldham even before their first single. He will nevertheless pianist - not exclusive - on disks, and will be until his death the "road manager" for the group and the "sixth Stone."
Created and beginnings
In October 1960, Mick Jagger and Keith Richards, two childhood friends - they attended the same school since their mother - who had lost a little perspective, can be found on the station platform at Dartford. Mick was hard with him, including the Best of Muddy Waters, prompting Keith to come talk to him. Mick Keith invite to join him in his group just emerging, Little Boy Blue & The Blues Boys. Keith come with his friend Dick Taylor. Brian Jones, a great lover of blues, already playing with pianist Ian Stewart. Both assiduously attending the Ealing Club, a jazz club in the suburbs west of London, where Mick, in addition to his small group, sings also in the Blues Incorporated Alexis Korner, who for a certain drummer Charlie Watts . Brian will be the architect of their meeting; blues and r'n'b will foundations.
After a difficult winter for Mick, Keith and Brian, spent roommate with a certain James Phelge the now famous 102 Edith Grove in London, with the ultimate scarce resources stamps some small concerts, the Stones are finally ready to become pro.
The first Stones concert is going to Marquee in London on July 12, 1962. The group is composed of Brian, Mick, Keith, Ian Stewart on piano, Dick Taylor on bass and Mike Ivory on drums. Taylor will then train the Pretty Things. The post of drummer is still uncertain, oscillating between Tony Chapman and Mick Ivory. The Stones looking for a bass player. In December 1962, Tony Chapman their present Bill Wyman, at the Red Lion Club satisfies them immediately, may be due to its boosters, rare at the time, but also thanks to its capabilities: it is older than 7 years since Mick and Keith, and is already playing for many years in his group the Cliftons, with Tony, while amateur. The drummers of the Stones being too unstable, Charlie Watts, who was familiar with Mick for having played with him, will join them permanently in January 1963, leaving his place among the Blues Incorporated Ginger Baker. In March of that same year, they recorded at IBC Studio of Portland Place, London, a demo, as a sound engineer the future mythical Glyn Johns, composed of occasions r'n'b. The Stones will play regularly at Ealing Club, then at Crawdaddy, a club that has just opened Giorgio Gomelsky. From a few dozen spectators, the hearing quickly to several hundred, exceeding the capacity of the room.
Andrew Loog Oldham, a young 19-year-old advertising, which has already worked with Brian Epstein, Bob Dylan and Little Richard, a partner manager Eric Easton, dreams only to meet his manager "Beatles", which just released Love me do. In his clubs in London, it one day at Crawdaddy, and see the Stones. That revelation, it will be their manager.
With their new manager, their careers took off. In 1963, the house of Decca disc and its Artistic Director (A & R) Dick Row, famous for having refused the Beatles, they registered their first single, with, on the side A resumption of Chuck Berry , Come on, and on the B side, I want to be loved by Willie Dixon. This first disc allows them to enter quietly in the British charts, and to be noticed by the press. A second single with fate, opposite A, a title composed by John Lennon and Paul McCartney, I Want to Be Your Man, and facing an instrumental B: Stoned.
They make their first appearance in the broadcast TV Thank you lucky star Pete Murray. Their look, yet so conventional nowadays seems outrageous. Their long hair font scandal, which their original look and contemptuous attitude sometimes give ideas to Andrew L. Oldham.
In order to stand out from the Beatles appeared earlier and whose popularity is exceptional, the young manager of the Stones creates an image of "bad boys". In contrast to the allure of good guys genres "Fab Four, Jagger and his band cultivate their difference very quickly denying the suit-tie, highlighting their hair and cover chronicled by their pranks.
It was then that Brian Jones begins to miss a few concerts for health reasons, and get lost in his female conquests and their consequences ; he already has two children.
Their career took a turning finally final. Concerts become dailies, Bill Wyman and Charlie Watts quit their jobs to integrate full-time Stones, Mick dropped his studies at the apartment abandoned Edit Grove, Keith, Mick and Andrew live together in a new home. This last fact will be the starting point of a new collaboration: Andrew oblige Mick and Keith to work together, like McCartney and Lennon, writing title for the Stones.
The flight of 1965
But the opposition of style between the two groups is the result of a marketing differentiation while their musical journey is parallel: common influences of rock and roll and r'n'b; Mick Jagger & Keith Richards finally take off as composers, beginning with The Last Time, and then (I Can not Get No) Satisfaction, followed by As Tears Goes By, Get Off of My Cloud & 19th Nervous Breakdown. The Rolling Stones introduced from their 1st masterpiece Aftermath (especially under the leadership of Brian Jones) and psychedelic influences Indian music (including one can recall the sitar of Paint It, Black, the dulcimer on Lady Jane or marimbas of Under My Thumb). The album Between the Buttons continues along the same lines with the melodious flute Brian on Ruby Tuesday, but also contains chunks of rock like Let's spend the night together and Connection and influences "music hall". The album Satanic Majesties Request was released in December 1967 and is also widely "leg" of Brian Jones. It will, however, yet only limited success, by his side disconcerting "rolling" some fans of the blues hard, but two titles emergent, She's Like A Rainbow and 2000 Light Years From Home.
1966 will be the year of the last rounds before a big break: they had turned in a continuous manner, since their inception, providing between 250 and 300 concerts a year. After touring US 5th and 8th UK, 66 in all 2, the Stones agree rest. Mick running a movie, Bill will be in production, RB Brian consist of a film, and so on.
1967 saw the first arrest of Mick Jagger and Keith Richards for drug possession. Vite released, it will not be in prison, if not a few days pending their appearance. The daily The Times also come to their rescue with a superb editorial in their favour, the first fruits of the change in society underway.
1968 marks their grand return and the beginning of the end for Brian Jones which plunges more dangerous in addictions and paranoia, after the commercial failure of Satanic, the Rolling Stones are returning to the roots of blues and rock, first with the single Jumping Jack Flash, and then with the album Beggars Banquet. The album presents the Rolling Stones in the saddle with pieces like Sympathy for the Devil (song) and Street Fightin 'Man, which will establish their reputation of the most violent group in the history of rock and "greatest band of rock & roll in the world. "
The turning point in 1969
The exclusion of Brian Jones and the (re) discovery of the agreement opened
Brian Jones, although leader from the outset, is excluded from the group in 1969. As demonstrated by a sequence of the documentary by Jean-Luc Godard completed in 1968, Sympathy for the Devil, it was difficult to concentrate and play in the studio, sound technicians leave it up to interpret a song while micro cutting off his son so as not to register on the trail of false notes. In addition, his drug problems led him to do more than follow the band on tour, and his sudden overweight as evidenced by a few photos of the era did more to match the sexy image of the Stones. He died on July 3, 1969, drowned in his swimming pool. Brian Jones still a little part to the album Let It Bleed, as "violent" than the previous album with titles such as Gimme Shelter, You Can not Always Get What You Want and especially Midnight Rambler (which evokes Albert DeSalvo, the choke Boston), which will become a classic on stage.
Since 1968, Keith Richards discovered a way of discovering (the open tuning), which will mark the new sound of the Rolling stones. Indeed, this tuning, which is used by the bluesmen allows Rolling stones to change their way of composing. Some may regret it appauvrisse melodic aspect of their songs, others greet the countless songs that will be the fruit of the open tuning (Jumpin 'Jack Flash, Street Fighting Man, You Can not Always Get What You Want, Honky Tonk Woman, Gimme Shelter, Happy, Start Me Up to name but a few).
Returning to the scene
The "great" return to the stage in July 1969, at the free concert in Hyde Park, the first since two and a half years for the enthronement of the new guitarist Mick Taylor, who comes from John Mayall, and is not provided, to pay tribute to Brian Jones, who died 2 days earlier. Mick Jagger read on this occasion a poem by Percy Bysshe Shelley. Mick Taylor help to strengthen the roots of blues and Rolling Stones albums participation in Exile on Main Street and Sticky Fingers will mark the return to compositions and productions more refined.
At the end of their 1969 American tour that marks their grand return to the United States, they decided to give a free concert in San Francisco. The concert will take place at Altamont (California), but the aura of wild Stones and the poor organization of the concert will end with the murder of a black audience, Meredith Hunter, by Hells Angels. The festival will mark the end of the utopian hippie (see the film Gimme Shelter). The American tour of 1969 will nevertheless be immortalized by the album in public Get yer ya ya's out, where the riffs of Keith Richards and Mick Taylor solos are that really works.
In 1971, the Rolling Stones album emerging Sticky Fingers with the famous artwork, designed by Andy Warhol. The references to sex and drugs are explicit, compositions are excellent (Brown sugar, Wild horses, Bitch, Sister Morphine, Dead Flowers). The arrival of Mick Taylor gives a new impetus to the group that began the same year a farewell tour in the United Kingdom. It was in exile tax on the French Riviera that the group recorded and released in 1972 his first double album Exile on Main Street, which follows a triumphant tour of North America (STP: Stones Touring Party). The Rolling Stones were at their zenith. The album is excellent even if it does not really hit. The song Sweet Black Angel, is a tribute to Angela Davis, and the blues is pervasive. The film Cocksucker Blues by Robert Frank shot during the North American tour will not come out because he had a vision of the group too raw (drugs, groupies, destroying hotel rooms, scenes of orgies in a plane). In 1973, the inspiration of the group start to fall, because of the addiction of growing concern to the hero of Keith Richards. These problems of drugs that have marked the French authorities, the guitarist has been declared persona non grata in France, depriving the group of any concert for several years. The album that leaves the same year, Goat's Head Soup is significantly lower than the previous. Nevertheless he became a commercial success thanks to the song Angie. The European tour promoting the album remains one of the best in their careers. In order to satisfy the spectators french despite their legal battles, the Rolling Stones and radio RTL charter a train bound for a concert given in Brussels: the bootleg Brussels Affairs reflects his excellent this tour, the Stones were at their peak stage of their services, the benefits of Mick Taylor is absolutely fantastic.