Luciano Pavarotti is an Italian tenor, born in Modena on October 12, 1935 and died in the same city on September 6, 2007. Often cited as the biggest and most popular opera singer Enrico Caruso since, it has sung the greatest arias, particularly those of Verdi and Puccini, and also collaborated with artists from different musical worlds, like U2, Sting, Elton John, Celine Dion, or the Spice Girls.
In more than forty-year career, he has helped to popularize classical music during many concerts television, especially during a series of performances of the Three Tenors (with Plácido Domingo and José Carreras). The total number of albums sold is estimated at about one hundred million.
Pavarotti has also used his popularity to the success of charitable actions on the occasion of concerts in which funds are collected (Aid to Refugees and the Red Cross).
Son of Fernando Pavarotti, a baker singer in his spare time, and Adele Venturini, factory employee, Luciano Pavarotti has a sister, Gabriella.
He leaves four children: his first wife, Adua Veroni, he has three daughters (born in 1962, 1964 and 1976), his second wife Nicoletta Mantovani, first assistant secretary and that he married at the end of 2003, a daughter was born, January 14, 2003, Alice.
In recent years, the singer had to rely with a health became more fragile.
Already operated a tumor in July 2006, was hospitalized again on August 9, 2007, he died on the night of 5 to 6 September of pancreatic cancer in his villa in Modena where he wanted to go back.
His funeral is celebrated on September 8 in the Cathedral of Modena in the presence of 800 people close to the family and many officials, including the chairman of the board Romano Prodi, the vice-president Francesco Rutelli, ministers Ricardo Franco Levi, Arturo Parisi, Giulio Santagata and Serafino Zucchelli, the mayor of Modena Pighi George and the president of the Emilia-Romagna region, Vasco Errani, the United States Ambassador Ronald Déshabilles, Ambassador Philippe Blanchi of Monaco, the former secretary-general Kofi Annan, the Director-General of FAO Jacques Diouf, the secretary of the Vatican State, Cardinal Tarcisio Bertone, and singers to the number of his friends, Bono, Caterina Caselli, Jovanotti, Luciano Ligabue, Gianni Morandi and Zucchero, tenor Andrea Bocelli, soprano Mirella Freni, plus the director Franco Zeffirelli, the dancer Carla Fracci and the director of the New York Metropolitan Opera Joe Volpe.
Several dignitaries including Prince Albert II of Monaco and soprano Montserrat Caballe, sent wreaths of flowers deposited in the cathedral. The ceremony was presided over by Archbishop Benito Cocchi, who read a particular message from the pope. The Bulgarian soprano Raina Kabaivanska, visibly moved, has interpreted the Ave Maria. At the end of the office, Andrea Bocelli has intoned "Ave Verum Corpus.
His career in opera begins concretely on April 29, 1961 with the role of Rodolfo in La Boheme, in Emilia-Romagna. Since that triumph, Luciano Pavarotti is beginning to make a name across Europe. Things are changing very quickly when a certain evening in 1963, it proposes to replace at short notice the tenor Giuseppe Di Stefano: the public of the Royal Opera House, Covent Garden (London) is in a state of shock. Luciano Pavarotti took up the challenge and did it well. La Scala in Milan opens its doors in 1965 with the conductor Herbert von Karajan who said duty.
He made his debut in the United States in February 1965 with the Great Miami Opera alongside Joan Sutherland. Shortly thereafter, on April 28, he made his debut at La Scala in Milan in La Bohème, but in an opera Rigoletto where he camped "Duke of Mantua" great seducer of women, a role that will resume at many times during his career. After a tour expanded to Australia, he returned to La Scala, where he adds "Tebaldo" to its repertoire, March 26, 1966, with Giacomo Aragall in "Romeo". His first "Tonio" takes place at the Covent Garden, June 2, 1966. On Nov. 20, 1969, he triumphed in I Lombardi alla prima crociata in Rome: it is also his first opera recorded and put on sale in the future, it also includes arias by Donizetti and Verdi. Her fame erupted in the United States on Feb. 17, 1972, with La Fille du Regiment at the Metropolitan Opera in New York. Maestro manages to move with breathtaking ease against the nine-uts from the air "Ah! My friends, what holiday! ". This interpretation earned him ten-seven reminders, which is exceptional in the world lyric. Consequently, this success at the Metropolitan Opera is a reference point in the career of Luciano Pavarotti and the opera is many times broadcasted on television. So its circulation in March 1977, in Live from the Met telecat creates largest audience ever achieved for a televised opera. Pavarotti wins, along with this success, numerous Grammy Awards and gold records. [Ref. Required]
In the early 1980's, he created "The Pavarotti International Voice Competition for young singers, and at the end of each competition, it gives a recital where he sings with the winners. Thus, in 1982, he sang on extracts from La Boheme and Un ballo in Maschera. To celebrate its twenty-five-year career, he invites the winners of the competitions in Italy for a recital where he performs arias from La Bohème, in Modena and Genoa and then, China; he finished the tour at the Great Hall of the people in Beijing before 10000 people and receives a standing ovation for the nine counter-ut made with ease. The third contest in 1989, is on the air from the Elisir d'Amore and Un ballo in maschera. The winner of the fifth contest with Pavarotti in a concert in Philadelphia in 1997.
For Luciano Pavarotti, the year 1990 1990 in Italy, the air "Nessun dorma" from the opera Turandot by Puccini air becomes official World Championship. Throughout the years 1990, Pavarotti occurs in many concerts "outdoors", so the concert in Hyde Park in London attracted a record audience of 150000 spectators. In June 1993, over 500,000 spectators and more than a million viewers attend the show of the maestro live from Central Park in New York.
However, the rise of Luciano Pavarotti to stardom is not without difficulties. He earns very quickly in the world of opera, his nickname "king of cancellations" Indeed, by its relatively fragile health, is Luciano Pavarotti has led cancel some operas. This causes a problem with some opera houses, such as the Lyric Opera of Chicago, with which it has very poor relations. [Ref. Required]
In 2002, Pavarotti separated from the one that has been his manager for 36 years, Herbert Breslin. The separation, virulent, was followed in 2004 by the publication of a book entitled Breslin The King and I, seen by many as a work in large part to criticism. His ability to read music and learn the roles, his personal conduct are being questioned. On Sept. 12, 2005, in an interview in 2005 with Jeremy Paxman on the BBC, Luciano Pavarotti rejects the notion that he could not decipher "music", although he acknowledges that it sometimes has difficulty to be followed when orchestras interpreter of roles.
He received the Kennedy Center Honors in 2001 and currently holds two Guinness records: one for having received the most points (165) and the second for best worldwide sales of conventional albums (three tenors concert / record shared with Placido Domingo and José Carreras). [ref. Required]
Pavarotti started his farewell tour in 2004 at age 69, singing for the last time in the world, the most famous arias and precious opera. Pavarotti gave his last concert at the opera at the Metropolitan Opera on March 13, 2004: it receives twelve minutes of ovation in the role of the painter Mario Cavaradossi "(Puccini's Tosca). On 1 December 2004, he chose forty cities in which it will perform its farewell tour, produced by Harvey Goldsmith.
On 10 February 2006, Pavarotti Nessun Dorma interpreter at the opening ceremony of the Olympic Winter Games of 2006 in Turin, Italy, but his last public appearance on stage. The final act of the opening ceremony it is reserved, and its performance is the longest and largest ovation of the night by an audience came from all over the world.
The Three Tenors
It is July 7, 1990 that Pavarotti joined Spanish tenors Plácido Domingo and José Carreras to form the Three Tenors. Thus, to celebrate the World Cup which takes place in Italy, the three tenors perform, in front of the former Baths of Caracalla in Rome, opera arias, the best-known directory, under the direction of conductor Zubin Mehta.
In 1995, the three leaders will meet again, always for the World Cup, this time in Los Angeles, before more than a million spectators and television, always under the baton of conductor Zubin Mehta.
And then in 1998, when the World Cup was held in France, the three tenors chose the Eiffel Tower in concert, in a signed by the producer Tibor Rudas, under the leadership of pianist and conductor James Levine. They live in front of an audience hundred times greater than that of Rome, two billion viewers around the world. [Ref. Required]
Pavarotti and Friends
Its activities do not stop at the concerts of the three tenors. Luciano Pavarotti dedicates much of his time to charity concerts and humanitarian actions. For example, from 1992 to 2002, we can have up to seven concerts reaching humanitarian called Pavarotti and Friends, live from the Piazza Grande in his hometown, Modena.
These concerts are not only a charity, they also allow Pavarotti to speak in another area as hers: the variety, and he sang with the most recognized artists, Bono, Elton John, Celine Dion , Joe Cocker, Sting, among others: in all, more than 100 singers, from all walks of life (jazz, gospel, rap, variety, and of course, opera). Through these concerts, Pavarotti has allowed millions of people to hear for the first time some of the greatest opera arias. He recognizes the merit of having one of the first, managed to popularize opera to the general public.
These concerts are also Pavarotti an invitation to the outside world to come in his hometown, processed, to use his own words, "Hollywood Italian."