The tablas is a musical instrument Indian percussion. Certainly derived nagaras or "Arab" tablas, the caption refers to the invention Amir Khusrau, founder of the Delhi gharânâ, in the fourteenth century. It is also said that it would be born of the anger of a musician who allegedly threw his mridangam-earth and have broken into two: the instrument was still running and gave birth to tablas.

With the mridang, membranophone is the most complex of all. The tablas consists of two drums, a small drum male, or dâyan dahina (right) and a female timbale, bâyan or bâya (left), generally given at the fifth serious (depending on the tone and râga, may be the fourth or the octave).

The dâyan is a small barrel of 15 cm in diameter and 25 cm high, carved in a trunk tun, teak or pallissandre, but only a small part is excavated. It is important to keep a heavy substance to ensure stability and vibration resonance. One goat skin is placed on the mouth, where another is bound by a woven leather camel, then cut into its centre.

A paste called suru, and composed of flour and iron is applied to the centre of the skin to form a black pellet, shyahi, to make sound the fundamental harmonic.

Acoustics: Amortization brings by friction of the skin cut on the skin full, and the addition of weight and amortization brings this bullet, confers a tuning the instrument in an almost harmonic series, which is exceptional for vibrating membrane (one exception being the timbale conducting). Measurements of vibration on the membrane show that the different modes are set up in the 5th or 6th of reports with almost a constant with others. The playing techniques allow you to change the note by blocking certain ways or by promoting laying fingers on certain nodal lines.

The leather straps and wooden shims (guti) are used to stretch the skin and make the agreement with the tone of râga.

The bâyan (30 cm to 25 cm high) is a timbale clay or copper (or brass), it also covered the same complex system of skins and bullet, but it is shifted from the centre.

The strips are often cords with rings and rarely small wooden shims (guti) for the grant. It is also a hammer to give the instrument (too delicate operation).

There are several sizes in both morphology of the player, and style of music (tablas great for singing).

It plays sitting on the floor, instruments based on small cushions to orient properly.

The skins are hit with the fingers. The hands are in constant contact with the instrument, providing support to the fingers, which have more details. The technique is very sophisticated and allows for a great variety of sounds, acute or severe dry or deep, hitting on the drum serious used primarily to give up.

The tablas is used solo, accompanying singing and dancing kathak or set of traditional Indian instruments, such as sitar and sarod. It is played mostly Indian Hindustani music, but it also appears in the film music, and world music.

Indian Various regions have developed their own style of play, tablas and we look at six schools or major gharânâ: those of Punjab, Delhi, Ajrada, Farukhabad, Lucknow and Varanasi. Learning tablâ is very long and requires the presence of a guru who transmits bowls, ie, onomatopés designating the various techniques strikes. There are thousands of rhythms and memorable.

In southern India, he preferred the mridangam.

The tablas tarang is a set of seven tablâs laid in a half-circle around the tabliste, and granted each according to a note to form a râga. The instruments are therefore played one after the other in order to decline melodies. It's quite a rare but highly prized in Indian cinema.

Read also Tabla...


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