In general, a Greek temple is a place, a space, sacred placed under the protection of a divinity and a rite is practised. By extension, a temple is a religious building which celebrates the worship of a deity.
In the sense most common in France today is the building of the Protestant reformed religion. Some villages with this name refers to one against a former school Templar. It is also the venue of a Masonic lodge: see Masonic temple.
It employs specific terms for other religions: the church (Catholic, Protestant and Orthodox), the mosque (Muslims), the synagogue (Jewish), the pagoda (religions of the Far East).
The Temple, absolutely, means:
* Temple of Jerusalem, the first temple built by Solomon in the tenth century BC. J.-C., and there is nothing left, the second temple, which was rebuilt and renovated to -536 by Herod. It was destroyed by Titus in AD 70, the fact remains that the Western Wall (Kotel);
* Temple agenda or order of Templars, military religious order founded in the twelfth century Jerusalem for the defence of the Holy Sepulchre;
* Paris, the Tour du Temple, remains of an ancient monastery that served as a prison where Louis XVI and his young son died Louis; metonymy by the district of Temple, located in the third arrondissement where including the Carreau du Temple .
In ancient times, templum space is separated from the rest of the world. It is a space cut into the sky through the auspices, that priests were transcribed on the ground, then it is a land sacred, inviolable, which also includes the building of worship built above .
Templum comes from the Indo-European root [tm], which means cut, a caesura.
* Roman temples;
* Temple of Amon at Karnak;
* Temples of Angkor, Cambodia;
* Borobudur temple in the island of Java in Indonesia;
* The Parthenon in Athens (see Greek Temple);
* Temple of Artemis at Ephesus, one of the seven wonders of the ancient world;
* The Pantheon in Rome, the temple of all gods, the Pantheon in Paris, the former church of Saint Genevieve transformed during the Revolution to the Temple of Reason;
* Temple of the Sun at Machu Picchu, who gave his name to an album of Tintin.
* Greek temples of Sicily are among the best preserved:
o Valley of Temples in Agrigento: Héracles temples of Hera, the Concorde, Castor and Pollux
o Selinunte: temple E
o Greek Temples Syracuse: temples of Athena, Apollo, Zeus
* Temple of Solomon
* Samye: 1st temple of Tibet (eighth century).
* House Square in Nimes
* Temple of Augustus and Livia in Vienna
In the first sense of sacred space where a ritual takes place, the site of the "stone to nine tiers" Soubrebost, Creuse is interesting to consider. Probably a cult devoted to Celtic, Gallic, such as solar, it is unclear whether human sacrifices were actually made as some analyses suggest.
A project to build a temple for Peace by the congregation Vajradhara-Ling in Normandy. The Temple is a replica of that of Samye, the first temple built in Tibet, founded by Padmasambhava in the eighth century.
Read also Temple of Borobudur