The sheng (笙pinyin: Sheng), is a musical instrument reed wind free. Chinese mouth organ, it dates from 3000 BC and is close organological many mouths to other organs such as the Asian Khen Laotian and Thai, or Japanese sho.
We often think that it is Johann Wilde and Father Amiot (in 1740 and 1777) which brought the first shengs in Europe following their trip to China. It is possible that sheng has been known in Europe for several centuries. Only in the early nineteenth century that inspired Amiot sheng of the invention of the harmonium, the harmonica and the accordion.
It has existed since the 1950s shengs of mechanized (with keyboard), on support.
The reservoir has a sheng metal and between 17 and 30 pipes ebony wood or metal chrome, each equipped with a small hole to cover with your fingers (like a flute) and a reed free, thus allowing both polyphony the inspiration to expiration.
There are many variations of ethnic minorities in China, such as:
* The Lusheng, all of bamboo, with four to six pipes, up to several meters.
* The hulusheng, the reservoir calabash, five pipes. There are variations in neighboring countries: Thailand (Lachs, and fulu naw).
* The yu, the wooden shell, and many pipes.
It is traditionally an instrument to accompany the Chinese flute or oboe, as well as in small bands or Chinese opera. Concertos were written for him.
Read also Erhu