Here is an overview of the law of bushido as expressed in the late seventeenth century:
"The real courage is to live when he was just living to die when it is right to die"
"Eat in moderation, avoid lust"
"A Samurai will lead to son and faithful subject. He will not leave his master, even though the number of subjects increased from one hundred to ten, ten to one "
"In wartime, the testimony of his loyalty is to be worn if necessary to meet the enemy without arrows if his life"
"... If he loses the battle and is forced to deliver his head (...) it will die with a smile, no look vile"
"Bushido means the determination to die. When you're at the crossroads of routes and you must choose the road, does not hesitate: choose the path of death. Do not ask why no particular reason and that your spirit is strong and ready. Someone may say that if you die without having achieved any goal, your death will have no meaning: it will be like the death of a dog. But when you find yourself at the crossroads, you must not think of a goal: this is not the time to make plans. All prefer life to death and if we are reasoning or if we project we will choose the path of life. But if you miss the goal and if you stay alive, in fact you'll be a coward. This is an important consideration. If you die without a goal, your death may be the death of a dog, death of madness, but there will be no stain on your honor. In the Bushido, the honor comes first. Therefore, the idea of death is printed in your mind every morning and evening. When your determination to die at any time whatsoever has found a permanent home in your soul, you've reached the summit of the direction of bushido."
The Bushido is a code of moral principles that the Japanese samurai were required to observe.
Origin of the word
Bushido Is a Japanese word from himself Chinese ( "wu shi dao") means literally "the way of the warrior" - from "drunk" means that all martial techniques, " shi "(warrior) and" do "(the way).
The first mention of the word is made in the Koyo Gunkan, written around 1616 but the onset of bushido is linked to that of Japanese feudalism and the first Shogun at the time of Minamoto no Yoritomo in the twelfth century.
Sources of Bushido
This code of life was borrowed from Buddhism stoic endurance, respect for danger and death in Shinto, the religious cult of the Fatherland and the Emperor in Confucianism, a certain literary and artistic culture and morality social "relations" parent-child, master and servant, husband, brothers, friends. Mencius was also a great source of inspiration for the bushido.
A strict code
Most samurai devoted their lives to bushido, a strict code that demanded loyalty and honor unto death. If a samurai failed to keep his honor he could regain it by committing seppuku (ritual suicide), which is better known in the West as the term (however inappropriate) of "Hara-Kiri 'or' action 's open the abdomen ( "hara" belly, seat of Ki (power, energy) and " '' kiri 'cutting sword).
In its purest form, the bushido requires its practitioners that they deem effective moment compared to their own death, as if they were no longer of this world. This is particularly true for the initial forms of bushido or budo. Moreover, traditionalists criticize forms later, "they reason clearly with the idea of staying alive in the mind."
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