Korean Culture Customs: Hanbok

Hanbok (South Korea) or Chosŏn-ot (North Korea) is a traditional Korean dress. Hanbok in general have a bright color, simple lines and no pockets. Although it literally means "Korean clothing", hanbok today refers to the "Joseon Dynasty-style clothing" who used formal or semi-formal in the traditional celebration or festival.

Hanbok during the Three Kingdoms
Some basic elements in the current hanbok like jeogori or clothes, wedge (pants) and chima (skirt) is believed to have used since a long time, but at three times this kind Kerajaanlah clothing began to grow. Painting on the site Goguryeo tombs show images of men and women at that time wore tight pants and shirt waist size. These structures do not seem to change much until now.

At the end of the Three Kingdoms period, women of the aristocracy began to wear a long skirt and shirt size the size of the waist and tied at the waist with pants are not tight, well-sized robes tied at the waist and hips.

At this time, silk underwear from China (Tang Dynasty) was adopted by the members of the royal family and royal officials. It's called Gwanbok, traditional clothes for the civil service in the past.

Goryeo Period
When the Goryeo Dynasty (918-1392) to sign a peace treaty with the Kingdom of the Mongols, the king married the queen of the Goryeo and Mongol civil clothes and followed the Mongol style. As a result of these Mongol influence, skirt (chima) a little shorter. While Jeogori (clothing for the upper body) tied to the chest with a wide ribbon, while the sleeve is designed rather slim.

Joseon Period
During the Joseon Dynasty, jeogori woman gradually becomes tight and shortened. In the 16th century, slightly bulging and jeogori length reaching below the waist. But in the late 19th century, Daewon-gun introduced Magoja, Manchu-style jacket that is often used to date.

Chima in the late Joseon jeogori made a long and short and tight. Heoritti or heorimari made of linen because it functioned as a corset jeogori so short.

Among the wear hanbok of woven hemp fabric or high-quality fabrics, such as brightly colored material in the summer and silk fabrics in the winter. They use a variety of colors and light. Ordinary people can not use good quality materials for not afford it.

Generally, the first adult male wearing durumagi (a kind of long coat) when out of the house.

Accessory to head
Both men and women keep their hair long. By the time they married, they mengkonde hair. Men mengkonde (tie) hair to the head (sangtu), whereas women mengkonde extent behind your head or on the back of the neck. The woman who is a performer like Kisaeng, wearing a wig accessory called gache. Gache had banned the palace in the 18th century. In the late 19th century, gache increasingly popular among women with greater shape and weight.

Binyeo pin, inserted through the hair bun as fasteners or accessories. Manufacturing materials vary according binyeo wearer's social standing. Wnita also wore jokduri on their wedding day and put the chicken in order to protect the body from cold weather.

Men using the gat, hat woven from horse hair, which also varies according to model and shape the status or class.

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