Gothic rock is a sub-genre of post punk born in London on the ashes of the punk movement with bands like Siouxsie & the Banshees, The Cure and Joy Division, groups of contemporary punk-rock epitomized by the Sex Pistols, The Clash , Buzzcocks, Generation X (etc.) in the United Kingdom in 1977-1979. While they practiced extrovert and aggressive rock, goths groups were more introverted and personal. Gothic rock has only begun to be defined as a movement with the emergence of the Bauhaus in 1979 and with the movement Batcave, Sisters of Mercy.
The movement has diverged from punk in several ways, particularly by its influences. While punk was probably linked to Dada and situationist, elements of goth culture can go back to older literary movements such as gothic horror, romance, or as recent existentialist philosophy. Their culture draws creative individuals often very interested in a variety of artistic movements, religious, historical. The Gothic movement claims less social values and policies that "aesthetics", focusing largely on the personal belief "gothic" and often on a broader culture. Another argument comes from Johnny Rotten, interviewed in the rock documentary The Filth and the Glory where he gives the look and aesthetics Gothic Sid Vicious in his self-destructive phase junky, heroin, dressed all in black, his hair tousled by the beer and grime, torn skin, pale complexion. This argument tends to favor the side-destructive, nihilistic and morbid heroin movement. Thesis reinforced by the mythology built around the death of one of Ian Curtis and which had a profound aesthetic Gothic of the early '80s, setting the background of the shot, the side deeply ironic and theatrical inspired glam rock English bands like Bauhaus, Virgin Prunes, Christian Death or Fad Gadget. Note also that this phase will be nihilistic subsequently abandoned in favor of a hard rock aesthetic macabre classic.
Siouxsie & the Banshees and The Cure have maintained regular ties with the culture, style and aesthetics "Gothic" as their music it is excluded. Siouxsie & The Banshees were affiliated with such albums with The Scream in 1978, Juju in 1981, and finally live Nocturne of 1983, a true jewel black "Gothic" with Robert Smith of the Cure on guitar. After 1983, their use of the Gothic imagination is more uncertain. The Cure brings a unique contribution to the genre, focusing on the album Seventeen Seconds, Faith and Pornography above. Through their intervention in the German industrial music and dark universe, Depeche Mode also eyeing to a gothic rock with the album Black Celebration (1986) is the peak. But the darkness and the radicalism of Joy Division have made them a strong reference and sustainable movement. But after the suicide of Ian Curtis, the band became New Order, a new group New Wave Dancefloor oriented. Bauhaus is also a great reference of gothic rock, heavily influenced by British glam rock, like David Bowie and T. Rex. Some members of Bauhaus formed Tones on Tail after the breakup of the group, releasing gothic music strongly influenced by the album Pet Sounds The Beach Boys and Psychedelia. The groups most emblematic of the movement, however, remain the Sisters of Mercy and Fields of the Nephilim in the late '80s, which marked both the sound and image of the gothic and the Cocteau Twins, whose 1984 album "Treasure" is truly an influence still palpable today. Jane's Addiction, a group of modern Hard Rock uses aspects of guitar playing of Daniel Ash. Jane's Addiction in the film is tragic, Gift. In the 1990s the British goth rock has moved closer to a standard hard rock, plus often synthesizers, and effects of guitar-like synths. The strategy of changing singers, music is more introspective than the energy delivered by the hard rock:
* Singer (s)
* Guitarist (s)
Between 1979-1985 it was known as wave post-punk, alternative and new.
The compositions of Gary Numan, Tubeway Army at The Pleasure Principle can be considered goth, although the image was New Wave. The use of analog synthesizers and its themes have a definite influence on later groups goths. His style has influenced the way contemporary goth Cyberpunk.
The band's sound has influenced most contemporary Goth music The Sisters of Mercy is significantly different from its original gothic music. From these changes, a Goth dance music movement was born.
Contemporary Goth music is generally sequenced, making heavy use of FM and digital synths. It is characterized by a sampling of snare and bass drum. The device self-Arpeggiata modern synthesizers is used in multiple and simultaneous arpeggiator often complex. The voices tend to be sinister and languid.
Gothic clubs have evolved simultaneously with industrial rock, and both employ the same techniques and types of synthesis equipment. The main difference is that the industry is "harder", while the rock goth is "softer". The goth is a modern evolution of the New Wave music or synth pop, while industrial is an evolution of synth pop and heavy metal. The guitar is not much used in the contemporary goth, but is often used extensively (with lots of distortion) in the music industry.
Influences on the gothic metal
Although differing greatly from the gothic rock in its approach, the gothic metal has nevertheless taken a number of stylistic features to gothic rock. Born in the mid 90s, gothic metal relies on the basic foundations of heavy and doom metal doom death gothic tinged with influences as diverse gothic rock but also the ethereal wave and gothic neoclassical. The original concept of gothic metal was based on contrast and complementarity between the bases of the harsh and oppressive doom and atmosphere cold and melancholy of gothic music.
Although the influences are not always immediately striking, gothic rock has nonetheless been a major influence for all groups of gothic metal precursors. Groups of gothic metal headlights as Type O Negative, Theater of Tragedy, Paradise Lost, or Moonspell Tristania took inspiration for the gothic rock bands including Fields of the Nephilim, Sisters of Mercy or Joy Division.
The success of gothic metal has created much confusion in the middle of the metal on the nature and definition of Gothic. Influenced by the wave and the ethereal neoclassical Gothic, gothic metal resumed and popularized its use of ethereal female vocals. A formula was unique stylistic look in the metal and has a school. At the point where the use of female voices now than under the single gothic metal, and has been used by many groups of symphonic metal, avant-garde metal and power metal. However, often through ignorance of the history of gothic rock, many metal music fans have come to equate any metal band accompanied a singer in a gothic trend, even when these groups are not at all influenced by the Gothic original music.
See also Dead Can Dance