Humor is a form of mocking spirit "which seeks to emphasize the comic, ridiculous, absurd or unusual aspects of reality".
The humor is distinguished by several concepts: it is a language, but also a means of expression. It plays a vital role in the balance of the person, it releases tension and preserve our health. The humor can be used in different purpose and may, for example, be educational or activist. Its shape, more than its definition, is variously estimated from one culture to another, from one region to another, from one perspective to another, so much so that what is seen by some as humor can be seen by others as an evil mockery or an insult.
The humor allows Man to stand back from what he saw as Joseph Klatzmann raises in his book The Jewish Humor, hoping "laugh to keep from crying." More pessimistic, Nietzsche says "The man suffers so deeply that he had to invent laughter", approaching the cynicism.
The word humor comes from the English humor, itself borrowed from French mood. The mood of the Latin humor (fluid), originally described bodily fluids (blood, bile ...) which were thought to affect the behavior.
Around 1760, the English use the term humor in the sense of "playful temperament, cheerfulness, ability to see or do see the funny things" to boast of a certain state of mind now called British humor. At the same time, the meaning of the French word "mood" follows a similar pattern.
The word humor is attested for the first time in French in the eighteenth century, entered France through the links that maintaining the thinkers of the Enlightenment philosophers with the British.
In its strict sense, humor is a nuance of comic register that aims "to attract attention, with detachment, amusing or unusual aspects of reality". However, in everyday language, the meaning of the term has broadened to describe the comic, that is to say the whole process designed to provoke laughter or smile.
Humor is inseparable from the comic, that is to say, "what is proper to laugh," and the comedy is, among the literary tone, which allows the humor we are basically six types (situation , words, gestures, character, morals, repetition). So, humor necessarily uses a form of comedy, but any event is not necessarily funny comedy.
Previously, we talked in the field of literary wit. The joke was defined more as a form of irony and acid tongue-in-cheek, that one finds among the authors of the Enlightenment such as Voltaire, Diderot Crebillon son. Sigmund Freud studied wit (Witz) in The Wit and its Relation to the Unconscious (1905). The humor as practiced by the British, however, proved more like a form of scrutiny absurd and detached events, without necessarily leading to ill often tended toward which the French mind.
It has appointed a black humor kind of humor that relies on elements and sad or unpleasant mockery and laughing a forced laugh yellow and bitter. In fact, humor is not necessarily linked to joy.
For Paul Reboux, humor is simply to "treat lightly the serious things and light things seriously."
Thus, the humor remains an elusive concept at the heart of several concepts that are close to him as the comic, the wit, irony or burlesque.
It is empirically recognized that humor and its direct effect, laughter has positive effects on health. Contemporary science has discovered that humor and laughter involved, among other things, the relaxed muscles, reduced stress hormones, improve immune system, reduction of pain.
Humor is also a tool full of Ericksonian hypnosis. It allows the therapist a communication on several levels beyond the primary meaning consciously perceived, a second possibility, even a field of possibilities can be unconsciously perceived, and therefore considered. Putting on the path of change, humor generates the crop.
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