It is sometimes said that Canadian culture rests only on his effort to differentiate itself from its southern neighbor, the United States. However, others argue that if two countries share some aspects of a common cultural heritage, there is also a separate and identifiable Canadian culture. They particularly cite what they perceive as greater integration of Indian culture, and retention of traditions from early French and English settlers and a significant infusion of Celtic immigrants in the later stages of the country's history. Since the 1970s, the Government of Canada pursues a policy of multiculturalism in order to make room for more recent immigrants from countries besides France and the British Isles.
An issue that causes a problem in the study of Canadian culture lies in Canada's bilingualism. There is no reason to doubt the separate identities of the peoples English and French Canada. However, John Ralston Saul submitted that Gabrielle Roy is perhaps best known in English Canada than in France, and that more Canadians than Americans know French Margaret Laurence and Atom Egoyan.
The Canadian Arctic has been inhabited for over 4000 years, yet he must wait 600 years before Christ and see a production of figurative art. These artists are inspired by nature that surrounds them but also masks and clusters of faces, from ivory, wood or animal bones. According to their beliefs, these works had power and were used as amulets or during rituals. Now recognized as a major form of contemporary art, Inuit sculpture is primarily a source of income is almost unique for residents of remote villages in the Arctic.
* National Theatre School of Canada
* Michel Tremblay
* Marcel Dube
Music plays an historic role in Canada, one of the co-founders of the Jeunesses Musicales World. His national icon, pianist Glenn Gould, is known throughout the world.
The symphony orchestras of Montreal and Toronto, have several discs to their assets, and toured Germany in 1999 and 2000.
The music room also has a place of Tafelmusik or the St. Lawrence Quartet have won several awards in Germany. Singers such as Russel Braun and Michael Schade, flutist Robert Aitken and pianist Marc-André Hamelin are oft-invited performers and composers Murray Schafer and Claude Vivier are also played regularly in Germany.
As in most Western countries, hip-hop and rap are very popular with young people. Meanwhile, the rock known as much or more success, both youth and adults. The hard rock band Rush, known worldwide, remains the most famous Canadian group.
Canada has also seen during the 1980s and 1990s, to develop a strong electro-industrial scene, with bands like Front Line Assembly, Skinny Puppy and above.
See also Culture Day