Joanne K. Rowling
Joanne K. Rowling; * July 31, 1965 in Yate, South Gloucestershire), an English writer, with a series of novels by the magic of Harry Potter fame students. The funds initials "K" has even added Rowling. It stands for "Kathleen", the first names of their grandmother.
Childhood and Adolescence
Joanne Rowling was in the small town of Yate südwestenglischen as the daughter of Anne and Peter Rowling born. Her parents came from London and were married in March 1965. Peter Rowling worked for Rolls-Royce, Anne Rowling as a laboratory assistant.
The family moved to Joannes Rowling after birth Winterbourne, where Joanne Rowling 1970 enrolled. There, the children had a sibling pair as playmates, among them a boy named Ian Potter. Even in its infancy las Joanne Rowling often and likes what their mother very encouraged. So had the desire early Rowling, writer to be. At the age of five years, they invented their first story - it was about a bee named Miss Bee and a sick rabbit. These and other stories they told at the time her two years younger sister Dianne. 1974 the family moved to the Welsh Rowling finally Tutshill near Chepstow.
Rowling now visited the Wyedean Comprehensive School. It was a sommersprossiger, short-sighted, still shy teenagers, especially in the language subjects achieved very good grades. In sports and mathematical fields was, according to their own statements, a blank. During her time at the high school, she was elected to Schulsprecherin. The subsequent character Hermione Granger is the picture that they had of themselves, both externally as well as character. They described themselves as intelligent wallflower with a talent for teaching and Belehren. With its local schoolmate Sean Harris, which is the basis for the character Ron Weasley formed, she often in his Ford Anglia walk. This car was then also the image that they Arthur Weasley car (Ron's father) in The Chamber of Secrets described.
Studying and working life
After her 1983 school she studied the French language and attended a course of Classical Antiquity Science at the University of Exeter. After 1987 they had completed their studies, which include a one-year stay as an English teacher in Paris has had practiced it several clerical positions, among other things, she worked two years at Amnesty International in London. 1989 she moved to her former friend to Manchester. During this time she worked on two novels for adults, but they never published, and later destroyed.
During a train ride from Manchester to London in 1990 invented the character Harry Potter. From the beginning, she knew that there was a siebenbändige book series about a young magician should be, which is a boarding school for wizards and witches visited. On 30 December 1990 Joannes mother died at the age of 45 years from multiple sclerosis. Rowling 1991 went to Portugal, where they encounter at the English School in Porto afternoon worked as a teacher. During this time she worked a lot on the first of its planned seven Harry Potter books.
In March 1992 she learned the Portuguese TV journalist Jorge Arantes know it, 16 Married in October 1992. The marriage lasted only briefly. After 27 July 1993 her daughter Jessica was born, separated Rowling Arantes, and in November the same year. Rowling went back to Britain. As a single mother of a small child, she lived at the time of social aid, while they continue in their first book worked.
1995 they finished Volume 1, Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone ways. A year later, they signed a contract with a literary agent Christopher Little. After the work the agency had offered several publishers and replies received, took the publisher Bloomsbury Publishing in 1996 the manuscript, after this it had previously been dismissed, but then again another bethought. The publisher advised her to return to a job search, as the children's books alone is not the livelihoods could deny. Rowling started a training course to return to work as a teacher, and has been for several months at a school in Edinburgh. Furthermore, the book may not be complete first name Joanne Rowling appear, because the publisher feared that boys reluctantly by a woman wrote books läsen. Rowling decided, therefore, for the initials "J. K. ". Until now, the Harry Potter books in the UK under the author's name "J. K. Rowling "relocated. On 26 June 1997 Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone ways with an initial print run of 500 copies published.
Success and wealth
Only three days after the publication of the first Harry Potter novel ersteigerte the US publisher Scholastic surprising the American rights to Rowling's first work at the price of 100,000 dollars. Under its contract with Rowling's agent, she received 80 percent of them. The fact that for the first work of an unknown author of a children's book six-sum payment had been made Rowling at a stroke. In September 1997, the publisher Carlsen from Hamburg for the rights of all seven novels in the series announced for the German-language area. Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone practices appeared in the following year with an initial print run of 8,000 copies.
The first two volumes sold well (Volume 2 Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets Rowling completed shortly after the publication of the first volume, he came out 1998). Only after the publication of the third volume (Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban, 1999), the world public attention finally to Rowling. In 2000, the band moved Harry Potter and The Goblet of Fire was published in record initial runs of a million in Britain and 3.8 million in the United States.
In 2000, Rowling sold all marketing rights, including the film rights to Time Warner, however, retained the publishing rights and a say in the movies. To put it up, so that no Harry Potter cartoon and not with American actors should be filled. In addition, Joanne K. Rowling received in this year's Order of the British Empire.
On 26 Rowling married in December 2001 the doctor Neil Murray. Numerous factors - the work on the two Benefizausgaben for comic relief (see below), their wedding and ultimately their second pregnancy (on March 23, 2003, her son was born David Gordon) - delayed the work on the fifth band Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix. This finally appeared in June 2003, starting with even higher requirements than Volume 4
On 23 January 2005 was Rowling in Edinburgh for the third time mother (a second daughter: Mackenzie Jean). The sixth Harry Potter volume, Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince, which she completed in December 2004, appeared on 16 July 2005.
On 11 Rowling completed in January 2007 to work on the seventh and final volume in the successful series "Harry Potter". The date she wrote on a marble bust at the hotel room in Edinburgh, where she last worked on the book had: JK Rowling finished writing Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows in this room (652) on 11th Jan 2007. On 21 July 2007 was the last band Harry Potter and the shrines of death on the market.
To date, their novels in over sixty languages, including Latin and Ancient Greek to be translated and are in a worldwide total circulation of more than 325 million copies published. Rowling is regarded as one of Britain's richest women, ahead of Queen Elizabeth II, the Forbes magazine estimated her fortune in the years 2004 to 2007 to 1.0 billion US dollars.
Even Harry Potter lexicons are planned. Rowling Sues in October 2007 against a Harry Potter lexicon of the author Steve Vander Ark, in December in the UK to appear. Its publisher assumes no copyright violations.
The Hanser Verlag will on 9 February 2008 "Help for the Hufflepuffs" on the market: a 190-page Harry Potter handbook of German Michael Maar. It falls under secondary - already excluded from the area where Joanne K. Rowling could successfully sue.
Rowling herself has also proposed that a Potter Encyclopedia final.
Rowling and the media
Rowling is due to their wealth and their popularity an important person in the public life. The media regularly report on her. Often, it came to misrepresentations in Rowling's biography. This is one of the many mostly young Harry Potter fans, a kind of cult of stardom to operate. The other was at the press publishing works of Rowling's story a long time largely on interviews with itself and its people, who used to be done with it had instructed.
Their life story was often on the fact "lone Sozialhilfeempfängerin writes a bestseller". Only in 2004 was Rowling's website online, on which they also writing their CVs imagining and partly false reports about their person from the way grants. In addition to a number of persons who in the past to do with Rowling had had a direct or indirect influence on Rowling's creations have had what they themselves, in most cases denied.
In the fourth volume, Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire, is emerging as a new figure the reporter Rita Kimmkorn (Rita Skeeter), from the vague and little compelling evidence partly defamatory articles about Harry and other famous magician writes. However, says Rowling itself, the figure is not the answer to dealing with the press Rowling, but already planned for Volume 1. There have Rowling removed because they think better in the fourth band fit when Harry really aware of his fame.