Duke of York
Duke of York
Duke of York (English Duke of York) is a hereditary title of nobility, usually the second son of the reigning British monarch to be given, if it is not a descendant of a deceased Duke. Currently contributes Prince Andrew, the second son of Queen Elizabeth II, this title (since 1986).
The title was the first time in the nobility of England (peerage of England) by Edward III. 1385 his son Edmund, one of the founders of the House of York with the coat of arms of the White Rose, while the older brother of the same, John, the House of Lancaster with the emblem of the Red Rose was justified. (The Clash of both houses to the English crown (1451 to 1485), see the article Rosenthal war).
The title was 1402 with the death of his son Edmunds Edward of Norwich. The children died in 1415, although the title went to his death is not immediately on his nephew Richard Plantagenet, 3 Duke of York on because his father, Richard of Conisburgh, 3 Earl of Cambridge, the younger brother of Edward, 1415 due Landesverrats against King Henry IV has been convicted and executed. Richard, however 1425, the title back. After his death, his son Edward inherited the title of 1460, a year later he was King Edward IV of England, the Duke Title united with the crown.
Second to fifth Ceremony
The second ceremony was the second son of King Edward IV, Richard, one of the two princes in the Tower (the other was his brother, Eduard). Richard died without heirs, and the title went with his death.
The ceremony took place next to Henry VIII 1494, the second son of Henry VII, which was granted with the death of his brother Arthur Tudor, the Prince of Wales, heritage and ascended the throne as Henry VIII 1509 the English throne. Once again fell title and crown.
The fourth ceremony took place at 1604 Charles Stuart, the second son of King James I. As Charles older brother, Henry Frederick, 1612 died, was Charles throne in 1625 as a heritage of Charles I King of England. Re fell title and crown.
For the fifth time, the title of 1644 at Jacob Stuart, the second surviving son of Charles I,. After his older brother, Charles II died without heirs, followed him as Jacob Stuart James II to the throne and united again after title and crown.
Duke of York and Albany
At the next 1716 was awarded the title of Duke of York and Albany and took place in nobility of Britain (peerage of Great Britain). It was Ernst August, Bishop of Osnabruck, the younger brother of King George I and son of Ernst August, Elector of Hanover. Ernst August died without heirs, so the title vanished.
The second award of the title Duke of York and Albany was made in 1760 to the second son of Frederick, Prince of Wales, Prince of Wales, Edward August, the younger brother of King George III. Eduard died unmarried in 1767 without heirs, the title vanished.
The third and final award of the title Duke of York and Albany was Friedrich August 1784, the second son of King George III. Even Frederick died without heirs, so the title vanished.
Sixth to eighth Ceremony
Then again, the title Duke of York. The sixth award was the second son of King Edward VII, George, of the title after the death of his older brother and successor to the throne Prince Albert Victor, Duke of Clarence was 1892. After George as King George V had become united in title and crown.
The seventh title was awarded his second son, Albert, the younger brother of the late King Edward VIII Eduard After the Crown had resigned, as was Albert George VI. King and united once more title and crown.
To date the last time the title was 1986 at Prince Andrew, the second son of Queen Elizabeth II awarded. Until today, Prince Andrew has only two daughters. If he held until his death has no son, the title will expire.
Apart from the first ceremony was the only one title holder, either ascended the throne or died without heirs.
Duke of York, first award (1384)
* Edmund of Langley, 1 Duke of York (1341-1402)
* Edward of Norwich, 2 Duke of York (circa 1373-1415) (1415 not inherited)
* Richard Plantagenet, 3 Duke of York (1411-1460) (1425 restored)
* Edward, 4 Duke of York (1442-1483)
Duke of York, second award (1474)
Richard of Shrewsbury, 1 Duke of York (1473-1483)
Duke of York, third award (1494)
* Henry Tudor, 1 Duke of York (1491-1547, 1509) (King)
Duke of York, fourth award (1604)
* Charles Stuart, 1 Duke of York (1600-1649, 1625) (King)
Duke of York, fifth Ceremony (1644)
* Jacob Stuart, 1 Duke of York (1633-1701, 1685) (King)
Duke of York and Albany, the first award (1716)
* Ernst August, 1 Duke of York and Albany (1674-1728)
Duke of York and Albany, second award (1760)
* Eduard August, 1 Duke of York (1739-1767)
Duke of York and Albany, third award (1784)
* Frederick August, 1 Duke of York and Albany (1763-1827)
Duke of York, sixth Ceremony (1892)
* George, Prince of Wales, 1 Duke of York (1865-1936) (In 1910, King)
Duke of York, the seventh award (1920)
* Albert, 1 Duke of York (1895-1952, 1936) (King)
Duke of York, the eighth award (1986)
* Prince Andrew, 1 Duke of York (1960)