Yves Saint Laurent
Yves Saint Laurent
Yves Saint Laurent (1 August 1936, Oran, Algeria - June 1, 2008, Paris) is a great couturier french. He led the fashion house that bears his name during 41 years from 1961 to 2002. Known for having popularized the black jacket, the look of beatniks 1960's, Sahara, caban, as well as tweed suits, tailor-pants, trousers at the waist high, smokings for women and waders, his haute couture collections are renowned in the world.
Yves Henri Donat Mathieu-Saint Laurent was born on 1 August 1936 in Oran in Algeria, where he spent his youth. In 1954, at age 18, he moved to Paris where he took drawing lessons at the Chambre Syndicale de la Haute Couture for three months.
House Christian Dior
It is noticed in 1955 by fashion designer Christian Dior which employs as an assistant modéliste.
In 1957, he is older than 21 years ago when Christian Dior dies. He succeeds him as head of the Dior house where he knows the success with the presentation of its first collection "Trapeze." The businessman Pierre Bergé undertakes to manage his career from 1958 but it is mobilized in the armed forces to fight in Algeria during the War of Independence. After 20 days, it is demobilized for depression. It is sent to a psychiatric hospital where he underwent electric shock to heal. Upon his return, Marc Bohan took the place of his friend at Dior.
House Yves Saint Laurent
In 1961, Pierre Bergé convinces the American billionaire J. Marck Robison d' to bring the few billion francs necessary to the creation of the “Yves Saint Laurent designers house” or YSL of which he becomes the leading financier, companion and mentor d' Yves Saint Laurent. Then they s' harness to frankly repurchase after franc their company. Yves Saint Laurent creates its first collection in 1962. In 1965, some of its dresses reproduced reasons for the Mondrian painter. In 1966, it will create first smoking for women, the procession Haute couture of l' summer of this year. It will then be presented in each one of its collections becoming thus according to the terms of the dressmaker “the label” (Yves Saint Laurent). The same year, on an idea d' Yvonne Nepp, they invent Saint Laurent Left bank, the female ready-made clothes of luxury, according to the following formula: models drawn by the creator, carried out by an external industrialist, and diffused in a network of franchized shops. They launch out in 1969 in male collections.
Yves Saint Laurent also draws costumes and stage sets and cinema for the parts of Cyrano of Bergerac in 1959, or the marriage of Barber or for films such as the Panther Rose in 1963 and Stavisky in 1974. It is one of the first creators to make ravel mannequins black of which Katoucha Niane. Its other egeries are Betty Catroux which was l' one of its first mannequins and of which it felt the twin (he is the godfather of its Claude daughter), l' actress Catherine Deneuve, icon of the French culture with l' foreigner, Spitz of Cliff also l' one of its first mannequins, and l' actress Talitha pol.-Getty deceased d' an overdose in 1971. Among the most famous ambassadresses of the mark near the jet set and the middle-class of the years 1970 with the beginning of the year 1980, one counts the society women Nan Kempner and Diane-Casserley Vandelly. On March 12, 1985, François Mitterrand, President of the Republic (qu' Yves Saint Laurent supports politically with Pierre Bergé) gives the chivalric insignias of the legion d' to him; honor, with the palate of l' Elysium. In 1990, a collection entitled “Homages” is carried out with celebrities like Zizi Jeanmaire, or, that qu' it calls its amulet, Catherine Deneuve. In 1998, house YSL is bought by François Pinault, already principal shareholder of Gucci which imposes its new rules of management, marketing and profits. This last also imposes the new American and director designer creative artistic of Gucci, Tom Ford, for the part “Loan to carry Left bank”. In 2001, Yves Saint Laurent is decorated with l' order of commander of the Legion d' honor by the president of the Jacques Chirac Republic, then Large Officer of the Legion d' honor on December 6, 2007 by Nicolas Sarkozy.
On January 7, 2002, Yves Saint Laurent made his farewell to haute couture at the age of 66 years: "I have chosen today to say goodbye to this profession that I so loved." On 23 January this year, he celebrates forty years of his prestigious couture house.
Tom Ford succeeded him as head of the house Yves Saint Laurent, Stefano Pilati and then from 2004.
Yves Saint Laurent created with his companion Pierre Bergé the Fondation Pierre Bergé Yves Saint Laurent at 5 avenue Marceau, in the 16th arrondissement of Paris. It is a foundation of sponsorship and management of a museum collection exceptional 5 000 clothing and 15 000 objects, which traces the history of haute couture house of Yves Saint Laurent.
He died on the night of 1 to 2 June 2008, as a result of brain cancer at age 71. His funeral is celebrated in the church of Saint-Roch, in the presence of numerous personalities of fashion, media and politics: Catherine Deneuve and Laetitia Casta, égéries of fashion, the president Nicolas Sarkozy and his wife Carla Bruni, Culture Minister Christine Albanel, the mayor of Paris Bertrand Delanoë, the former First Lady Bernadette Chirac and Farah Pahlavi, widow of the Shah of Iran. Among the personalities of fashion designers included Jean-Paul Gaultier, Valentino, Christian Lacroix, Sonia Rykiel, John Galliano, Kenzo Takada, Hubert de Givenchy, Vivienne Westwood, Ines de la Fressange, Riccardo Tisci and Alber Elbaz, artistic director Stefano Pilati, the former top model Claudia Schiffer and industrialists Bernard Arnault and François Pinault. Near cerceuil covered with a saffron cloth, which were tabled ears of green wheat, Pierre Bergé gave a moving speech: "[...] I do not know how to do it because I would never leave you. Have we already gone? Even though I know that we do look over the sun goes down on the gardens of the Agdal, that we will not share more emotion in front of a painting or an object of art, so all that I know [...] I want to tell you my admiration, my deep respect and my love. "
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