The word mariachi refers at once a type of musical training originally from Jalisco, Mexico, the style of music associated, and a musical culture close to both. A group of Mariachis often consists of two violins, two trumpets, a guitar player, a vihuela and a Guitarron. Some courses include dozens of musicians.
Origins of mariachi
The word mariachi has long been regarded as a distortion of the French word "marriage" was introduced in Mexico at the time of Emperor Maximilian in the nineteenth century, because the music often accompanies ceremonies and weddings in Mexico. This origin is now challenged by historians who argue that the word existed before the arrival of French troops.
Another possibility is that the word derives from the language of the Coca Indians of the sixteenth century. He was pointing to a wooden platform or Cirimo Pilla on which the musicians played together. It was also subsequently claimed that the mariachi instruments were made from these species, which remains questionable.
The mariachi music as we know it today has its origins in the Mexican region of Jalisco, even according to some legends in the city of Cocula the nineteenth century. Teaching mariachi bands were close to the Spanish theater, consisting of violins, harp and guitar. At the end of the nineteenth century, the vihuela, two violins and Guitarron (replacing harp), formed the quartet based mariachi group.
Development of mariachi music
The mariachi sound, its called, is a mixture of traditional Spanish music, African and local: they differ from one region to another. The sound Jalisciense of Jalisco has been popularized by the song La Negra. The sound Huasteco huapango or northern Mexico often includes a flute, as in La Malaguena and Serenata Huasteca.
In the nineteenth century, many mariachis were peasants who were traveling with hacienda hacienda. With the revolution, however, many of them were forced to abandon their livelihood music, but continued to sing sometimes for the revolutionary cause, while acting as a bearer of news. It was then that the mariachis began to play in the street, on popular avenues such as San Pedro Tlaquepaque in Jalisco.
Since its inception, the mariachi music was dance music. Each variant of mariachi leads to a variant of traditional dance, one associated with its Jalisciense.
The mariachi tradition has spread throughout Mexico and in other countries, particularly Colombia. Nowadays, music is internationally known, worn by Mexican immigrants and widespread in the modern global music scene.
In fact mariachi groups can play all music whether domestic or foreign, from waltz to hip-hop, but some Mexican composers have composed for them. There are an infinite number of titles, among them:
* Mexico Lindo y querido (ranchera)
* El Caballo Bayo (corrido)
* Las Mañanitas (ranchera)
* Corrido de Chihuahua (corrido)
* Caballo prieto alexata (corrido)
* El Mariachi Loco (ranchera)
* El Rey (ranchera)
* No volveré (ranchera)
* Guadalajara (ranchera)
* La culebra (corrido)
* Las Golondrinas (famous for having been performed at the Department on Diaz in 1911 in Veracruz
* El mojado sopilote (sound)
* Tequila (corrido)
* Yo soy Mexicano (ranchera)
* Anillo de compromiso (ranchera)
* Mil amores (ranchera)
* La Serenata Huasteca (ranchera)
* Caminos de Guanajuato (ranchera)
Read also Guitar Strings