The huapango is a kind of Mexican music, also called the huasteco. It is played in areas Huastec states of Veracruz, Hidalgo, San Luis Potosi, Tamaulipas, Queretaro and Puebla. On the musical side: the range is in C major, the agreement is consistent with the dry sound emitted by the jarana, the 6 / 8 rhythm is dictated by the quinta huapanguera (a sort of big guitar), violin supports melody, two voices sing in falsetto, and everything is accompanied bearing cores (zapateados).
The word may derive from huapango cuauhpanco Nahuatl word, which literally means "on the Tarima". Another possible origin of the word huapango: the word fandango, which means the festival when it plays the sound huasteco.
It traces the origin of the seventeenth century huapango. It would come from the adaptation of the instrumentation of European origin to indigenous musical traditions, which have been added rhythmic 6 / 8, the song (in falsetto voice, accentuated each 3 / 4 measure) and zapateo ( bearings heels on the floor), all of which clearly resemble the huapango flamenco.
On the musical
All huapanguero traditional called "Trio Huasteca, see link at zapateo (bearings heels) and singing in two voices, falsetto,
* Violin, which provides the melodic line of the song,
* And two other stringed instruments that support the rhythm and harmony. They are: Quinta huapanguera (a guitar with 5 or 8 strings, which the credit is larger than the usual guitars) - and the jarana Huasteca (8 cordophone a string that resembles a small guitar). The agreement is in C major, and must be in harmony with the embossed stamp of the jarana, while uniting the pace set by the quinta.
The song is performed by two voices in duet. Sometimes the two singers alternated, according to two possibilities:
* To be a voice sings the first two verses of a couplet, and the second voice repeats
* Is the second voice answers the first, singing the following two lines of verse. Thus, in one of the most popular huapango (which is called "El Querreque"), two musicians, while the accompaniment of their instruments' s challenge to turn sharply in rhymes.
While the musicians are singing, the violin stops playing, and zapateado becomes more shallow.
Evolution of gender and socio-cultural
* The huapango was adopted (and transformed) by mariachi groups from the twentieth century, people have become accustomed, outside of Mexico, to hear him sing these groups rather than the traditional trio Huasteca . But the mariachis play instruments different: trumpet, violin, guitarrón (great guitar) and vihuela (another kind of guitar). Moreover the Mariachis longer modulate the falsetto, and they removed the zapateado.
* A film huapango allowed to have a large audience in France dice 1954: The Proud Yves Allegret (1953). In a bar of Alvarado (province of Vera Cruz, Mexico), George, a human wreck (played by Gerard Philippe), begs a little alcohol. The owner of the bodega shouted to his orchestra: "Enough of La Viña, play a huapango, George is going to dance to earn his bottle of tequila!". The white boss and rich Mexican 50s he chose a deliberately huapango, connoting as the indigenous music of the lowest for a good session of public humiliation?
* Today the kind huapango after being influenced (and competition), not only the music of northern Mexico, but also the tropical music of the Caribbean is rebounding and authenticity.
Since the 90s, the people of the Huasteca region seek to make its originality and purity to their huapango: local radio stations promoting the dissemination of original songs performed by regional groups, and classical trios edit records and conduct tours in order to make their original music.
Huapango festivals are held: the first was that of Queretaro, and best known (after the Guelaguetza) held in San Joaquin.
Read also Mariachi Music